- 2018年03月27日16:00 来源：小站整理
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本着“凡有所学皆有所用”的原则，给大家举几个例子来体会仿句和积累的重要性，比如在新SAT的evidence-based writing中，每个body paragraph的第一句我们叫做topic sentence. Topic sentence是从introductory paragraph里面的thesis statement中发展而来的，且body paragraph的发展顺序应尽量和thesis statement中的顺序一致。我们给大家举三个例子供大家模仿和参考，从而进一步从优秀、经典、地道的模版中汲取写作所需的表达、句式和框架。
In response to our world’s growing reliance on artificial light, writer Paul Bogard argues that natural darkness should be preserved in his article “Let There Be Dark”. He effectively builds his argument by using a personal anecdote, allusions to art and history, and rhetorical questions. (最后一句即为thesis statement))
Body paragraph 1: Bogard starts his article off by recounting a personal story – a summer spent on a Minnesota lake where there was “woods so dark that his hands disappeared before his eyes”
Body paragraph 2: Bogard’s argument is also furthered by his use of allusion to …
Body paragraph 3: Finally, Bogard makes subtle yet efficient use of rhetorical questioning to persuade his audience that natural darkness preservation is essential.
从example 1中，我们可以汲取一种写作技巧，即把introductory paragraph的thesis statement中的三点分为三段在body paragraph中按顺序一一阐述，我们还可以参考以上满分作为所用的句式，给予一些变化，提取加工为模仿的素材。
By using careful word choice, undeniable precise statistics, and effective language devices, the author successfully convinces his readers that…
Body paragraph 1. In an attempt to … the author utilizes clever euphemisms and carefully selected word to describe … (careful word choice)
Body paragraph 2. Building upon the …generated from careful word choice, the author continues successfully building the case by providing several key statistics which support his position. (undeniable precise statistics)
Body paragraph 3. The author also employs creative language devices which appeal to both our emotions and our logic to complete his argument (effective language device)
以上例子均可以作为我们发展段落的模版句，并作为仿句的素材和蓝本进一步练习，学为己用。比如body paragraph的第一句topic sentence可以表达为 in an attempt to …/in an effort to build the validity of her position/ support his claim/ add power to his argument/ accentuate his perspective, the author …，还可以表达为分词句式，如utilizing carefully selected world choice/ building upon…, the author employs … to add to the persuasiveness of the essay.
以上只是一个例子，其实不仅仅是每个body paragraph的topic sentence, 仿句素材和模版素材在张老师的课堂上贯穿在任何环节。我们需要认识到，写作提高的必经之路是模仿，但模仿绝不是机械的模仿，而且是有意识、有计划、有目的的进行模仿训练。只有经过模仿这个必经之路，积累了足够的素材，才能自如的写出更加优质的作为来应对新SAT写作。